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The Northern Territory environment is vast and diverse. It is a place where you can enjoy a walk along the beach or camp in a National Park, fish for barramundi, or spot a crocodile. It is a land of ancient sandstone formations, wetlands, billabongs and unique native flora and fauna.

The Northern Territory has a distinctive flora of more than 4,300 species of native plants, including some 702 endemic species concentrated particularly on the Western Arnhem Land Plateau.

Its fauna includes 400 bird species, 150 mammal species, 300 reptile species, 50 frog species, 60 freshwater fish species and several hundred species of marine fish.

The Territory also has one of the world's most intact marine environments so it is important to protect its marine and coastal biodiversity. It is home to the largest area of mangrove forest in Australia.

The Territory marine habitats, such as coral reefs, seagrass meadows, mangroves and sand or mudflats important breeding, nursery and feeding areas for many species. These include marine turtles and colonies of shorebirds, seabirds and waterbirds, as well as dolphins, dugongs, sawfish, sea snakes, seahorses, sharks and rays.

Knowledge of plants and animals has been passed on by Aboriginal people for tens of thousands of years. This type of knowledge is different across each Aboriginal language in the Northern Territory and north Australia.